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Ile aux cygnes, Bir Hakeim bridge


Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge

ILE AUX CYGNES / BIR HAKEIM BRIDGE

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ASSOCIATED PICTURES
Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge
Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge
Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge
Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge
Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge


INFORMATION
Location [click to zoom] Related Book
map : Ile aux cygnes / Bir Hakeim bridge Time magazine : Princess Diana 1961-1997

Structurae.com : about the Alma Bridge

Wikipedia: Statue of liberty, Gustave Eiffel, etc

The statue of liberty (New York - USA)
Paris book

ABOUT AND HISTORY

Ile aux Cygnes

Cutting the Seine in two, this Ile Aux Cygne is a very pleasant walk between barges. It follows "Le Front de Seine" and its modern buildings large 70's project.

Between the pont de Grenelle bridge and pont de Bir-Hakeim bridge on the Seine River, there is a little tree-lined, paved path on a sort of dike or pier running in the center of the river from one bridge to another. This path, called the allée des Cygnes (“Promenade of the Swans”) is very quiet and pretty, and far from the traffic of the city. It’s a popular spot to walk or jog.

At the west side of the island, the second in hight (after New York) Statue de la Liberte looks in the direction of America.



Banks of the river Seine

From the Louvre to the Eiffel Tower, from the Place de la Concorde to the Grand and Petit Palais, the evolution of Paris and its history can be seen from the River Seine. The Cathedral of Notre-Dame and the Sainte Chapelle are architectural masterpieces while Haussmann's wide squares and boulevards influenced late 19th- and 20th-century town planning the world over.



Viaduct of Passy - Bir-Hakeim

It was in 1878, for the Universal Exposition, that an original metal footbridge was built on either side of the Ile des Cygnes, and called the "Passy footbridge". It was much used by the inhabitants of the 15th and 16th arrondissements. However, to meet the needs of the Universal Exposition of 1900, plans were drawn up to replace it by a bridge combining a railway and a road. In late 1902 a competition was organised by the Metropolitan railway and Seine Navigation departments for a two-tier bridge, with a road bridge on the lower level comprising two lateral roadways separated by a central walkway and, on the upper level, the metropolitan railway viaduct supported by metal columns resting on the central space.

The author of the project was Louis BIETTE, in association with the contractors DAYDE and PILLE. Formige, a Paris municipal architect, was responsible for the decoration. He hired three sculptors; Gustave Michel, who produced the cast iron groups aligned with the piers at the arch springs. There are two groups, one representing "boatmen", the other "ironsmith-riveters". For their part, Coutan and Injalbert are the authors of four allegorical figures decorating the structure on the Ile des Cygnes.The Pont de Bir-Hakeim is in fact comprised of two unequal metal structures, each comprising three cantilever type spans, separated by a monumental stone structure on the upstream tip of the Ile des Cygnes. The metropolitan railway viaduct on the top rests on a series of elegant pillars, whose highly ornate decoration unfortunately disappeared when the structure was strengthened from 1930 to 1940.

Called the Passy viaduct until 1948, the work was renamed the Pont de Bir-Hakeim to commemorate General Koenig's June 1942 victory over Rommel in the Libyan desert.

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All photographs are copyright "Eric Rougier / FromParis.com". Please, do not to use without written authorization.
The pyramid of the Louvre museum: Leoh Ming Pei, architect. "La Geode": Adrien Fainsilber, architect.
The "Grande Arche": Otto van Spreckelsen, architect. Bibliotheque Nationale de France: Dominique Perrault, architect.
Lighting of the Eiffel Tower is copyright "Societe Nouvelle d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel".
Some history texts are licensed to the public under the Creative License and, or wikipedia sources
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